Do not rush to put on clothes after taking a shower. Careful examination of your body will help you to identify early signs of a variety of health hazards. Recently, the British “Daily Mail” invited authoritative medical experts from multiple disciplines to explain the possible signs of disease in various parts of the body.
1. There is a lump in the groin. If it is not painful and can be pushed, it may be an inguinal hernia, which is formed by a part of the intestine through the inguinal wall. Anton Emaliber, a gastroenterologist at University College London Hospital, said that this kind of lump is generally only found when standing, because gravity and abdominal pressure make it stand out. Inguinal hernia is most common in men. It may be caused by lifting heavy objects. It requires surgery to push the protruding part back to its original position, and the weak spots on the muscle wall during the operation will be reinforced.
2. Dark spots on the armpit skin. Also known as acanthosis nigricans. Endocrinologist Nida Kamaz believes that this skin pigmentation may be an early sign of type 2 diabetes, usually formed in the folds of the body, such as the armpits, neck and groin. You should check your blood sugar regularly, change your lifestyle, reduce your carbohydrate intake and exercise more.
3. Asymmetrical body shape. If you look in the mirror with one shoulder higher than the other, or one shoulder blade is more prominent than the other, then there may be scoliosis, which means that the spine has twisted or bent laterally. Strength training and stretching exercises help to improve posture and flexibility, and improve back pain.
4. Varicose veins in the chest. Varicose veins in the chest may be a sign of an inflammatory disease (breast thrombophlebitis). John Scal, a vascular surgeon at University College London Hospital, explained that this was caused by inflammation of the veins under the skin of the breast or chest wall. This disease does not cause breast cancer, and it can recover on its own or take anti-inflammatory drugs to treat it.
5. The ankle skin is dark. Darkening of the skin around the ankle bone may be the beginning of leg ulcers. Vascular surgeon Eddie Charona explained that leg ulcers occur when the veins in the legs do not return well and lose the ability to push blood back to the heart. This situation should be paid attention to.
6. Neck veins are distended. This may be a sign of heart failure. Dr. Green Thomas, an expert at the Bristol Heart Institute, explained that if the heart cannot pump enough blood to circulate in the body without sufficient force, it will affect the veins that carry blood from the head to the heart. It accumulates and causes the veins in the neck to swell. If you feel shortness of breath or swelling of the lower limbs, it may be blood pooling in these areas.
7. Unknown bruises on the body. If unexplained ecchymosis occurs frequently and takes a week or more to eliminate, this may be a sign of liver disease (such as hepatitis). Professor David Lloyd, an expert in liver surgery at the University Hospital of Leicester, explained that if the liver becomes ill, the number of platelets in the blood will decrease. Decreased platelet count can cause internal bleeding, which can cause bruising. In addition, bruises may also be a sign of leukemia. If the above situation occurs, seek medical treatment in time.
8. The surface of the knee is abnormal. Meat bumps on the knees may be a sign of gout. This type of arthritis can cause joint swelling and pain. Plastic surgeon Kalash Desai at West Middlesex Hospital explained that these would accumulate under the skin to form small, white (or yellow) bumps called tophi. When gout attacks, taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can help reduce pain and inflammation. Exercise and eating habits can also be used to reduce gout attacks.
9. Moles that grow suddenly. Most moles are clumps of harmless cells (melanocytes), but sometimes they may be melanoma, which is an aggressive form of skin cancer. Moles are common on the lower legs of women, while men are most common on the back. Dr. John Ashworth, a dermatologist at the Bridgewater Community Health Care Institution, explained that if it is a newly grown mole, especially a mole that appears after the age of 40, it needs to be vigilant. Or the previous mole, whose size, shape, color has changed or bleeds, may also become cancerous.
10. The thighs are swollen and thick. Christopher Aiden, a urologist at the Royal Surrey County Hospital in the United Kingdom, explained that swelling on one or both sides of the thigh may be a symptom of testicular cancer, and the tumor affects lymphatic drainage. Another sign of testicular cancer is that one testicle is lower than the other, which is caused by the weight of the tumor pulling the testicle downward.