Dr. Wei Zhenghe, Environmental and Economic Policy Research Center, Environmental Protection Department
“China Citizen Environment and Health (Trial)” 21: Maintaining environmental hygiene, reducing disease occur.
In recent years, with the rapid development of China’s economy, environmental quality is deteriorating, environmental pollution has become increasingly significant, and the health risks and harm caused by the environment have also become the most concerned about the country, society and the public. One of the public topics.
Environmental factors have led to about 12.6 million deaths in the world
2016, the primary report released by the Second United Nations Environment Conference “Healthy Environment, Health Human” and World Health Organization ” Environmental Prevention Diseases – The Global Center for Disease Responsion has shown that about 12.6 million people in 2012 due to environmental factors, accounting for 23% of all deaths, 1% lower than in 2002. Among them, the death of non-infectious diseases attributable to the environment increased from 17% in 2002 to 22% in 2012, and the death of infectious diseases was reduced by 31% in 2002 to 20% in 2012. The report mainly considers environmental risk factors include occupational risks, environmental air pollution, pathnatal environment management, indoor air pollution, second-hand smoke, residential, lead, water (including drinking water, sanitary facilities and hand health), etc. Consider 68 diseases related to environmental factors such as respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diarrhea, asthma, malaria.
my country has been uncommon about outdoor air pollution, cancer village, children’s blood lead poisoning, campus toxic runway incidents. Dr. Wei Zhengha, Environmental and Economic Policy Research Center, Tell the Life Times, and some long-term low-dose exposed pollutants that have not been highly valued may lead to long-term health hazards, such as infertility caused by interference in the environment. Infertility, birth defect, adolescent development age in advance. In urban and rural, environmental sanitation issues are increasingly significant, industrial pollution, agricultural pollution and pollution are the main causes of environmental sanitation, and these most are human. Maintaining environmental hygiene, reducing parasites, pathogens, etc., cut off their contact with people, can reduce the occurrence of diseases.
The large-scale cultivated land suffered from different degrees of pesticide pollution
accompanied by rural economic development, rural environmental pollution problems were concerned. Huang Ji, director of the Agricultural Policy Research Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, etc. Investigate the basic status of the environmental pollution of 101 villages across the country, showing 44% of the villages that have deteriorated in rural environment in the past 10 years, the development of rural township enterprises, the concentration of urbanization or population residence There is a significant negative impact on the rural environment. Wei Zhengzhen said that the main environmental health issues facing rural areas are water pollution, domestic waste, arbitrary stacking and cultivated land soil problems.
“In the 1960s, drinking irrigation, the 70s, the water quality deterioration in the 1980s, is now black and odor”, this is a true portrayal of rural water environment changes. Rural domestic garbage is developed from the past, the ultrotic vegetable leaf peel is developed to the plastic bag, agricultural production film, fast food box, waste battery, etc., many of them are recycling, non-degradable, serious pollution environment. The large area of cultivated land has suffered from pesticide pollution, toxic and hazardous substances, mainly from industrial and urban sewage, farmland pesticide agricultural film and other chemicals super high and unreasonable use, largest ambient hormone content in large-scale livestock and poultry farms. , Livestock and poultry, etc., so that crops have been affected.
Addresin the rural environment, Wei Zheng said, to deal with rural garbage, human body manure, domestic garbage and other solid waste and domestic sewage, production wastewater, and chemical use, pesticide and organic matter control Wait. First, completely clean up the streets of the village, the front house, the surroundings of the village, the various types of garbage in the public place, eliminate the sanitary corner, no rubbish. Clean the floats and various debris on the water surface of the village River Ditch, clear the chaos of the river, the pile of chaos and illegally planted, stop sewage feces straight row, enterprises exceeding standard emissions and landfill Second, establish a fixed waste pile point, realize centralized stacking, regular clearing. Vigorously promote the rural waste treatment model of “household collection, village concentration, township transportation, county handling”, collect villagers’ garbage, concentrate on transportation to township transportation. Conditional village, to establish a rural specializing in the team, set special trash can; third, manage the human beelaces, and promote the harmless health toilet. It is forbidden to have a size of the place, and the open-air dung pit should be formed.source. Keep the drying, reducing parasites, pathogens in the livestock shed; fourth, the development path of ecological agriculture, implement ecological balance fertilization technology and ecological prevention technology, and controls the use of fertilizers and pesticides from the source. In combination with water-saving irrigation technology, improve the efficiency of agricultural water fertilizer utilization.
The public should not blindly oppose the construction of waste incineration factories
Not just rural, urban environmental sanitation also needs attention. According to data from the National Bureau of Statistics, China’s urbanization rate has reached 57.35% in 2016. At the same time as the rapid development of urban, urban environmental issues are also rapidly developed, urban atmospheric pollution, indoor air pollution, urban water shortage and water pollution, urban waste and garbage contamination, etc. have seriously affect the production and life of the people.