Deputy Chief Physician of Dermatology Department, Xiyuan Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences Fu Zhongzhong
Li Shuliang, Chief Physician, Department of Otolaryngology, Xiyuan Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences
Hot and cold weather, strong wind, dryness, etc., will make your throat uncomfortable, sometimes dry and painful, sometimes dry cough, sometimes coughing and not coughing…At this time, many people will think of using traditional Chinese medicine to soak in water to relieve throat discomfort , And some patients with chronic pharyngitis have been doing this for a long time.
But in fact, according to Chinese medicine, neither pharyngeal discomfort nor chronic pharyngitis is caused by a single cause. There are cold and heat deficiency and excess, and the pathogenesis is complex and changeable. It also requires medication based on syndrome differentiation. However, Chinese medicine is different in nature and taste, and it is not suitable for all people. Fu Zhong, deputy chief physician of the Department of Dermatology, Xiyuan Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, analyzes our common Chinese herbal medicines to help you find the most suitable tea for clearing throat.
Fatty Sea relieves hoarseness of lung heat
The fat sea is cold in nature, sweet in taste, and belongs to the lungs and large intestine meridian. It has the functions of clearing heat and moisturizing the lungs, improving the sound of the pharynx, moistening the intestines and laxatives. It is usually used to treat diseases such as lung heat, dumbness, dry cough without sputum, dry throat, headache and red eyes. Therefore, for hoarseness and throat discomfort caused by heat and lung heat, it is suitable to use sphagnum large sea foam water to relieve it, and it is better to brew with appropriate amount of honey. Due to the cough and sore throat caused by cold and cold, it is not suitable to be relieved with sputum. For the hoarseness and pharyngeal discomfort caused by excessive smoking and alcohol, sputum has no therapeutic effect. On the contrary, people with poor spleen and stomach can easily cause diarrhea due to long-term improper use due to the cold and cold nature of sputum.
Panghai is not suitable for long-term use. When soaking in water, you should not exceed 3 tablets at a time. Too much is easy to be poisoned. For dry sore throat, dry cough and no sputum, hoarse voice caused by wind-heat and cold, you can take 3 pieces of pterygium and 3 grams of licorice together.
Ophiopogon japonicus relieves dry lung and dry cough
Ophiopogon japonicus is the root tuber of the Liliaceae plant Ophiopogon japonicus. It is slightly cold in nature, sweet and bitter, and has the functions of nourishing yin, nourishing body fluid, nourishing the lungs and clearing the heart. It is usually used for the treatment of dryness of the lungs, dry cough, yin deficiency, tuberculosis, sore throat, sore throat, body fluid thirst, internal heat to reduce thirst, upset, insomnia, dry intestines, constipation and other diseases. If the pharynx is uncomfortable and the syndrome is dryness of the lungs, that is, those who have symptoms such as itchy throat, dry mouth, sore throat, dry tongue, dry cough, no phlegm, yellow greasy tongue coating, etc., can be treated with Ophiopogon soaking water.
Ophiopogon japonicus is cold in nature, and some diabetics have deficiency of both qi and yin. Therefore, when drinking Ophiopogon japonicus water, you can mix it with a little Codonopsis pilosula, which can better invigorate qi. Patients with deficiency and cold of the spleen and stomach, long-term diarrhea, white and greasy tongue coating and indigestion are best not to take it, so as not to affect their health. Ophiopogon should not be taken for a long time, especially if there is no doctor’s guidance, otherwise it may produce phlegm and dampness, and the effect will be counterproductive. As a daily health care, use about 2 grams of water each time.
Luo Han Guo relieves sore throat and constipation
Luo Han Guo is the dried fruit of Luo Han Guo, a cucurbitaceous plant. It is cool in nature, sweet in taste, and is returned to the lungs and large intestine meridian. It has the effects of clearing heat and moisturizing the lungs, improving the sound of the pharynx, and smoothing the intestines. Clinically, it is usually used to treat lung-heat dry cough, whooping cough, summer heat injure body fluid thirst, sore throat, aphonia, intestinal dryness, constipation and other diseases. Syndrome differentiation belongs to the actual heat of the lungs and stomach, that is, those with sore throat and obstructed stool. The treatment with Luo Han Guo soaking in water has a very good effect.
Luo Han Guo is too sweet and easily hurts the spleen and stomach, so it is not suitable for long-term use. Soaking dried Luo Han Guo in water will cause you to get angry if you drink too much. Therefore, it is not suitable for patients with wind-heat and cough. When people with cold physique use Luo Han Guo, add one or two slices of ginger and cook together to neutralize the coldness of Luo Han Guo. But for people who are extremely sensitive and cold, it is not recommended to drink Luo Han Guo water.
Momordica grosvenori is cool in nature. When soaking in water, don’t put too much in it. In general, just put 1/4 of Momordica grosvenori in 500ml of water. For people with low immunity such as children and the elderly, or just as a daily health care, it can be reduced to 1/5 or 1/10. For people with more severe throat discomfort, it can be increased to half or one as appropriate. It can be effective for 2 weeks.
Honeysuckle relieves wind-heat and dry throat
Honeysuckle is cold in nature, sweet in taste, and belongs to the lung, heart, and stomach meridians. It can clear away heat and detoxify, and dispel wind and heat. It can not only clear internal heat, but also dispel external heat. It is often used for carbuncle, swollen furuncle, throat numbness, erysipelas, hot blood dysentery, wind-heat cold, and febrile fever. Heat headache, upset, less sleepy, dizzy tongue, dry throat, dry mouth, etc. have certain effects. Under normal circumstances, taking 20 grams of honeysuckle, decocting water instead of tea or making tea can treat sore throat and prevent upper respiratory tract infection.
Because of its cold nature, honeysuckle is only suitable for people with calm constitution or internal heat constitution, not suitable for spleen and stomach deficiency and cold. People who have frequent abdominal pain, diarrhea, cold abdomen, cold hands and feet, excessive drinking honeysuckle water, or deficiency People with cold constitution will have side effects. Long-term use can easily cause deficiency of the spleen and stomach, loss of appetite, and even cause abdominal pain and diarrhea. Therefore, it is generally advisable for adults to take less than 400 ml a day, and children should not take more than 180 ml a day, and should not take more than one week continuously. In addition, honeysuckle can be brewed 2 to 3 times, and it is not suitable to drink after overnight.
All the above drugs have the effects of clearing away heat, detoxifying, and improving the pharynx, but most of these drugs are bitter and cold, and the degree of bitter cold is different. Patients with syndromes of actual heat can achieve good results, but the spleen and stomach are deficient and cold. People who use it will have side effects such as diarrhea. Therefore, it is recommended that patients with severe throat symptoms choose drugs after undergoing a regular hospital to differentiate their physique and disease.