Beijing, January 20 (Reporter Guo Jun) “Great Cold” is the sixth solar term in winter and the last of the 24 solar terms. It is not only the end, but also means that the new year is coming. Dahan meets Lichun, so it is slightly different from Xiaohan in terms of diet and health.
Spirit: Feel comfortable
During the severe cold season, we should rest assured that we should be calm and refreshed, especially the elderly, because this year’s severe cold coincides with the Spring Festival and the children and grandchildren are full. At this time, we should also pay attention to avoiding joy or sadness and reducing heart and brain diseases. occur. Attention should be paid to maintain a comfortable mood and a peaceful state of mind, so that the qi and blood in the body are harmonious, and the yang qi hidden in the body is not disturbed, so that “righteous qi is stored in the body, and evil is not allowed.”
Daily life: go to bed early and get up late
”Big Cold” is the last solar term in winter. In terms of daily life, it must still conform to the characteristics of winter closure, so that it can go to bed early and wake up late. Going to bed early is to nourish the body’s yang, and getting up late is to nourish yin. On the other hand, there is an old saying: “Big cold and big cold, protect against wind and cold.” In the cold season, in addition to paying attention to the cold, you must also protect yourself from the wind. Clothing should increase or decrease with temperature changes. Your hands and feet are easy to freeze, and you should pay special attention to keeping warm.
Life: Washing feet before going to bed can dilate blood vessels
As the saying goes, “The cold starts from the feet, and the cold comes from the legs.” When a person’s legs and feet are cold, the whole body is cold. “Three hundred steps after a meal, a pot of soup before going to bed”, soak your feet with hot water before going to bed, can dilate blood vessels, speed up blood flow, improve the nutrition of the skin and tissues of the feet, reduce muscle tension, improve sleep quality, and prevent Both feet freezing and disease prevention and health care are beneficial, especially those who love to read and write at night and sit for a long time until late at night. They should soak their feet in hot water before going to bed.
Exercise: exercise after sunrise, can’t overdo it
As the saying goes, “If you move in winter, you don’t have a disease; if you are lazy in winter, drink a bowl of medicine.” Winter activities and exercise have special significance for health preservation. Sports in the cold season can be divided into indoor and outdoor sports. Jogging, Tai Chi, Baduan Jin, basketball and other physical exercises can be performed. Outdoor activities should not be up too early. It is better to wait after sunrise.
Do not over-exercise, sweat too much, and avoid damage caused by yang qi coming out with sweat. Exercise intensity is determined according to your physical condition. Slight sweating is best, haze and snowy days, and it is best to stop exercising.
Food tonic: Consolidate the spleen and kidneys, regulate the liver and blood. It is not suitable to eat hot and dry things
Keeping in good health should follow the laws of nature, focusing on conserving yin and protecting yang. It is recommended to eat hot, not to eat cold, sticky, hard and difficult to digest foods to prevent damage to the yang qi of the spleen and stomach, and do not eat too much hot things.
Diet should reduce saltiness and increase bitterness in order to nourish the heart qi and strengthen the kidney qi. Avoid hard and cold foods. Eat hot food to prevent damage to the yang qi of the spleen and stomach, but do not overeat hot and dry foods. The taste of the food should be moderately strong. , There must be a certain amount of lipids and maintain a certain amount of calories. In addition, you should also eat more yellow and green vegetables, such as carrots, rape, spinach and so on. In addition, because the cold falls in the Spring Festival, most families will prepare abundant food for the New Year. At this time, they should pay attention to avoid hunger and satiety. At the same time, they can eat more foods with the effect of invigorating the spleen, such as yam, hawthorn, grapefruit, etc. You can drink more, such as millet porridge, spleen-tonifying dampness porridge, etc. for conditioning.
does not damage Yin Jin
Another important point of health preservation during the severe cold is to nourish yin. Generally, the precipitation in the Yangtze River Basin begins to decrease from the winter solstice. After a month, the severe cold solar term is the driest period. The average air humidity during the day is generally lower than 50%, and sometimes the indoor humidity is only about 30%.
As the water vapor between the heaven and the earth decreases, the yin fluid in the human body will easily become insufficient. Many people with chronic respiratory diseases often have a feeling of coughing or thick sputum and unclean sputum. Patients with cardiovascular disease are more likely to increase blood viscosity. If blood vessel elasticity decreases due to high blood pressure, old age, etc., it is more likely to induce dangerous conditions such as myocardial infarction, cerebral infarction, and cerebral hemorrhage.
In terms of living, if the indoor heating or air conditioning is often turned on, in addition to frequent ventilation, it is best to use some air humidifiers to increase the humidity in the air. If you use electric blankets to sleep at night, try not to turn on Overnight or open too hot. Increase the amount of water you drink as much as possible, and do not wait until your mouth is dry. Drink a glass of warm water every day before going to bed and after getting up. It is best to drink a little water before and after bathing to replenish the lost water.
What kind of fruit is good for the cold solar term
In winter, it is most prone to dry lips and thirsty and dry skin. Chinese medicine believes that pears are slightly cold in nature and sweet in taste, which can produce body fluids to quench thirst, moisturize dryness and relieve phlegm, moisten the intestines and lax. It is now the season to eat pears. Pears, known as the “sect of all kinds of fruits”, have pear juice that has a unique effect on dryness in autumn and winter. Especially suitable for people who are hot in winter.
The vitamins and minerals in persimmon are good for beauty. The content of vitamin C in red persimmon is 10 times that of apples, which can prevent colds. At the same time, it is rich in vitamin A, which can prevent a variety of eye diseases. Secondly, red persimmons are rich in carotene. Each 100 grams of red persimmons contains 139 mg of carotene, which is 13 times that of peaches and 2 times that of melons. Carotene can prevent aging and fight cancer.
grapefruit is the best fruit in winter. It has the functions of invigorating the stomach and eliminating food, resolving phlegm and relieving cough, etc. It is often consumed and has auxiliary treatment effects on hypertension and diabetes. The high vitamin C content of grapefruit can prevent colds and beautify the skin. There are fewer types of fruits and vegetables in winter than in other seasons, and grapefruit can provide us with sufficient vitamin C in winter. The VC content of grapefruit is as high as 23mg. Vitamin C can not only enhance immunity, but also promote collagen synthesis and beautify the skin.