Medical examination big data cardiovascular health report released nearly half of the population has risk factors

   On April 29, the “Healthy China·Physical Examination Big Data Cardiovascular Health Report” was released (referred to as the “Report”). Big data analysis shows that cardiovascular disease risk factors are prevalent in my country, 46.16% of the physical examination population has cardiovascular disease risk factors, 20.14% of the physical examination population has target organ damage or cardiovascular disease, and the distribution of different types of cardiovascular diseases has obvious geographical distribution Differences, the key to preventing and controlling cardiovascular diseases is early detection, early prevention, and early treatment.
  Meinian Health Chairman Yu Rong stated that the “Report” aims to provide research evidence from large-scale medical examination populations across the country for the prevention and control of cardiovascular diseases in my country. Through the in-depth mining of big data, it is revealed from the perspective of “physical examination”. Physical examination of the cardiovascular health status of the population provides a scientific basis for our country to formulate prevention and control strategies and measures for cardiovascular diseases.
   Cardiovascular disease is a common chronic non-communicable disease, and it is one of the important causes of death in our country. Medical research believes that hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes, and obesity are the main risk factors for cardiovascular disease.
   Ge Junbo, academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and director of the Department of Cardiology, Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University, pointed out that cardiovascular disease is currently the number one killer that endangers the health of Chinese people, and it is not as good as prevention. It is recommended that everyone develop a healthy lifestyle, adhere to scientific and regular exercise, maintain a balanced diet, and continue to strengthen their own health savings and management, which is also of great benefit to the current new crown virus.
  ”Report” shows that the detection rates of these four major risk factors are 22.01%, 30.01%, 10.36%, and 13.30% in order. Taken together, nearly half (46.16%) of the population has cardiovascular risk factors. If the pre-conditions of relevant risk factors are taken into consideration (ie, high normal blood pressure, marginal elevation of blood lipids, pre-diabetes, overweight), up to 78.41% of the physical examination population is at high risk. It is worth noting that there is a tendency for risk factors to gather in groups, and about 17.73% of the physical examination population has two or more risk factors.
  From the perspective of gender, age, and geographical distribution, almost all risk factors present the characteristics of “male high female low, old high young low, north high and south low”. Taking hypertension, the recognized “number one culprit” of cardiovascular disease as an example, the detection rate of men is 26.68%, which is higher than 16.73% of women. With the increase of age, the detection rate of hypertension in men and women has shown an upward trend; The detection rate is relatively high in North China, Northeast China and East China. The top three provinces in the country are Hebei (27.79%), Liaoning (27.26%) and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (26.75%).
   The “Report” shows that in addition to high blood pressure and other risk factors, smoking, insufficient physical activity, hypertension, family history of diabetes, and cardiovascular disease are also inextricably linked.
  Professor Li Xingming, School of Public Health, Capital Medical University, stated that the “Report” uses large sample data to objectively and comprehensively analyze the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and related risk factors in urban areas, and improve the management of cardiovascular health for urban residents. The strategy provides an important reference. It is recommended to prevent the occurrence of cardiovascular disease through early examination.

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