Sedentary prevention during the journey! Don’t let “airplane legs” bring blood clots

   Someone died of a “pulmonary embolism” caused by a long-term flight on a holiday? That’s true! Xu Yinji, director of the Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine at the Dade Road General Hospital of Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, reminded that the National Day and Mid-Autumn Festival holidays are coming soon. Long-distance travel should avoid sitting for a long time and get up and move more. Sitting and playing games and watching dramas have the same health risks; having dinner together, eat less greasy food; people who smoke and become obese should try their best to change their lifestyles.

   “Airplane legs” can also bring blood clots?

   Xu Yinji said that human blood contains substances that form thrombus. When blood vessels are damaged, blood flow slows down, or blood is too thick, thrombus may occur. In Xiao Li’s case, sitting for a long time caused the blood flow to slow down and thrombosis formed in the lower limbs. When the blood vessel is damaged, thrombosis can prevent the blood flow from flowing continuously, which is a protective mechanism of the body itself. However, if the thrombus “travels” in the body with the blood flow after it falls off, the blood vessels in the lungs will cause pulmonary embolism, and asthma and cyanosis will occur. In severe cases, life may be threatened.

  Who are prone to blood clots? Xu Yinji said that people who cause vascular damage, slow blood flow, or increase the viscosity of the blood itself are prone to thrombosis. The following categories of people need special attention:

  ①People with vascular injury caused by trauma, fracture, surgery, and vascular endothelial injury caused by vascular inflammation;

  ②People whose blood flow is slowed down by long-term sitting, lying down, and lack of lower limbs;

  ③ Pregnant women, postpartum, elderly, obese, smokers, and cancer patients have increased blood viscosity, and they are also prone to thrombosis. The use of long-term contraceptives and hemostatic drugs will also increase the viscosity of blood. In addition, some congenital diseases lead to groups with thick blood.

  How to prevent thrombosis?

   Although the thrombosis is fierce, most people are not afraid to prevent it in place. Xu Yinji said that for the general population, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, avoiding smoking and sitting for a long time is the key to prevention.

   For patients with traumatic fractures or who need to use contraceptives and hemostatic drugs, they need to regulate their medication under the guidance of physicians and move their lower limbs within an appropriate range; patients with congenital blood coagulation, tumors, and vasculitis should See a doctor in time and regularly, if necessary, long-term use of anticoagulant drugs.

   (Yangcheng Evening News reporter Lin Qingqing, correspondent Song Liping, Jing Yuting)

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